17. Jahre: Gedenken an den Völkermord in Europa



Am 11. Juli 1995 wurde die UN-Schutzzone Srebrenica von serbischen Truppen eingenommen und nachfolgend 8.372 Menschen unter den Augen der Weltöffentlichkeit ermordet.

Das Massaker von Srebrenica war ein Kriegsverbrechen während des Bosnienkrieges, das durch UN-Gerichte gemäß der 1951 in Kraft getretenen Konvention über die Verhütung und Bestrafung des Völkermordes als Völkermord klassifiziert worden ist.

Unterstützt durch das Islamische Kulturzentrum Berlin und die bosnische Diaspora in Deutschland hat die Gesellschaft für bedrohte Völker (GfbV) heute der 8.372 Opfer des Völkermords im ostbosnischen Srebrenica am 11. Juli 1995 gedacht. Im Innenraum der Neuen Wache wurde vor dem Käthe-Kollwitz-Denkmal ein Kranz und weiße Rosen niedergelegt.

Vor dem Gebäude informierten GfbV-Mitarbeiter über die Kriegsverbrechen serbischer
Truppen, die am 11. Juli 1995 in die sogenannte UN-Schutzzone Srebrenica in Ostbosnien ein und ermordeten Männer und Jungen, aber auch einige hundert Frauen. Die Toten wurden in Massengräbern verscharrt, von den Tätern später mit Bulldozern wieder ausgegraben und an anderer Stelle erneut vergraben, um Spuren zu verwischen. Bis heute sind die sterblichen Überreste vieler Opfer noch nicht identifiziert. Viele überlebende "Mütter von Srebrenica" warten noch immer auf Nachricht, ob ihre Angehörigen wie befürchtet unter den Ermordeten sind.

Bis heute wurden ca. 7.000 Opfer von Srebrenica aus Massengräbern exhumiert und mehr als 6.600 mittels DNA-Analyse identifiziert. 5.137 von ihnen wurden auf dem Friedhof in Potocari, einem Vorort von Srebrenica, beerdigt. Am 11. Juli 2012 werden dort die sterblichen Überreste von 520 weiteren Srebrenica-Opfern bestattet werden.

Eine detaillierte Chronik des Genozids und des Versagens Europas und der Weltgemeinschaft findet sich unter
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Srebrenica_massacre

Quellen:


Kommentare:

  1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_Gorenc
    Frank Gorenc was born in Russian military camp(base) Ljubljana (Carniola).

    From wikapedia:
    http://www.nato.int/docu/update/2004/03-march/e0329a.htm

    Frank Gorenc (born October 14, 1957) is a United States Air Force four-star generalwho currently serves as the Commander, U.S. Air Forces Europe which he concurrently serves as Commander, U.S. Air Forces Africa, Commander, Air Component Command, Ramstein[1] and Director, Joint Air Power Competence Center. He previously served as the Assistant Vice Chief of Staff and Director, Air Staff, Headquarters, United States Air Force at the Pentagon. The general is a command pilot with more than 4,100 flight hours in the T-38A, F-15C, MQ-1B, UH-1N and C-21A.[2] He assumed his current assignment on August 2, 2013.

    Early life

    General Gorenc was born in 1957 in Ljubljana, Yugoslavia, present day Slovenia. Frank and his older brother, Stanley immigrated with their parents to the United States from the former Yugoslavia in 1962 when they were 8 and 4.

    The Lubyanka (Russian: Лубя́нка, IPA: [lʊˈbʲankə]) is the popular name for the headquarters of the KGB and affiliated prison on Lubyanka Square in Moscow, Russia. It is a large Neo-Baroque building with a facade of yellow brick designed by Alexander V. Ivanov in 1897 and augmented by Aleksey Shchusev from 1940 to 1947.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lubyanka_Building

    1999

    On May 7, 1999, during the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia (Operation Allied Force), five US JDAMguided bombs hit the People's Republic of China embassy in the Belgrade district of New Belgrade, killing three Chinese reporters a

    -nd outraging the Chinese public. According to the USA, the intention had been to bomb the nearby Yugoslav Federal Directorate for Supply and Procurement. PresidentBill Clinton later apologized for the bombing, stating it was accidental.[1] Central Intelligence Agencydirector George Tenet testified before a congressional committee that the bombing was the only one in the campaign organized and directed by his agency,[2] and that the CIA had identified the wrong coordinates for a Yugoslav military target on the same street.[3] The Chinese government issued a statement on the day of the bombing that it was a "barbarian act".
    source:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U.S._bombing_of_the_Chinese_embassy_in_Belgrade

    AntwortenLöschen
  2. BEFORE

    Lower Styria and Carniola, which during the WWII was occupied by Italy and Germany, became a killing field in May and June of 1945, as thousands in the newly formed Slovenia in now second Yugoslavia — including Germans, Italians, Hungarians, Croatians, and Serbs — tried to escape to Austria.

    Some made it. But others were turned back by the British-led Allied forces and handed over to the partisans, the antifascist troops of iconic Yugoslav leader Josip Broz Tito, who ruled over the communist country until his death in 1980. The partisans killed a lot of them in the country's woods, fields, and canyons, other we being enslaved as a slave work force after 1991. Many Germans are still enslaved in Maribor and Lower Styria.(they have booked local Germans there involuntary into Slovenia citizenship in 1991 there and do not guarantee and protect them no human rights( according universal declaration of human rights). Laws and governments guarantee and protect rights only to ethnic Slovenes, to people of Slovenia race. So became that now state Slovenia slave holding state there in 1991.

    MOSTEC, Slovenia — Below Slovenia's cornfields, ski slopes and school yards lie skulls, bones and teeth — the remains of thousands of people whose fates have been lost for decades.

    In 1945, enraged "anti-Nazi" fighters slaughtered suspected collaborators, fascists and panicked civilians who tried to flee through the region to the West, leaving graves scattered from a spree of vengeance that turned the tiny country into what historians call the biggest post-WWII killing site in Europe.

    Slovenian officials have a list of about 600 suspected graves, at least one in each community, daunting in its sheer scope and amounting to perhaps 100,000 bodies. The government has promised to find them all, but progress has only inched along. Most will never be identified.

    "It marks you for your whole life," said Zdravko Vekic, whose family joined the flight from his native Bosnia-Herzegovina when he was just a 10-year-old boy. On a torturous, grueling journey, his uncle disappeared somewhere along the way.

    "Even today, I shiver thinking of my uncle's bones lying somewhere underground instead of in our family grave, where I can lay some flowers for him, too."

    The victims "were never prosecuted and tried. Maybe they were guilty, but they too have a right to a grave."

    Slovenia is now run by the Social Democrats, the successors to Tito's party and the antifascists. Some in the rightist opposition and the Roman Catholic church are seen as sympathetic to the Home Guard, a wartime militia that collaborated with the Nazis.

    The legacy is still cherished, if controversial. The capital, Ljubljana, changed the name of one of its main boulevards after the 1990s when Tito's repressive methods were no longer a secret, but City Hall recently decided to name another street after the leader.
    http://www.jpost.com/International/Photo-Gallery-Under-Slovenia-lie-mass-graves

    AntwortenLöschen
  3. 1991
    28 June 1991
    Air Force carried out attacks at a number of locations across the country, most notably at Brnik Airport, where two Austrian journalists were killed and four Adria Airways airliners were seriously damaged.

    Air Force also attacked the areas at Kočevska Reka( Gotschee country) and flew sorties against radio and television transmitters at Krim, Kum, Trdinov vrh and Nanos in an attempt to silence the broadcasts.

    Heavy fighting broke out at Nova Gorica on the border with Italy, where the Slovenian Special Forces destroyed three YPA T-55tanks and captured an additional three. Four YPA soldiers were killed, among them the commander of the armored column, and nearly 100 more surrendered. Some sources claim that this was the decisive battle of the war.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ten-Day_War

    2 July 1991

    The heaviest fighting of the war to date took place during 2 July. The Domžale radio transmitter was attacked at 10:37 UTC (11:37 local time) and heavily damaged.

    The Slovenian TO mounted successful attacks on border crossings at Šentilj, Gornja Radgona, Fernetiči and Gorjansko, capturing them and taking a number of YPA troops prisoner. A lengthy engagement between YPA and Slovenian TO forces took place during the afternoon and evening at Dravograd, and a number of YPA facilities around the country fell to Slovenian forces.

    BEFORE 1991
    Of the soldiers of YPA of the 5th Military District, which was located in Slovenia, in 1990 30% were Albanians, 20% Croats

    Holmec incident
    The border station at Holmec was the location of an alleged war crime perpetrated by Slovenian TO forces, filmed by the Austrian public broadcasting station ORF. Video footage shows a small group of YPA soldiers standing or walking slowly with raised hands, holding up a white sheet in an apparent attempt to surrender.

    Casualties
    Twelve foreign nationals were killed in the conflict, principally journalists and Bulgarian truck drivers who had strayed into the line of fire.
    source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ten-Day_War

    Furhter:
    1995.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1995_NATO_bombing_campaign_in_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina

    Operation Deliberate Force was a sustained air campaign conducted by NATO, in concert with UNPROFOR ground operations, to undermine the military capability of theArmy of the Republika Srpska (VRS), which had threatened and attacked UN-designated "safe areas" in Bosnia and Herzegovina during the Bosnian War. The operation was carried out between 30 August and 20 September 1995, involving 400 aircraft and 5,000 personnel from 15 nations. Commanded by Admiral Leighton W. Smith,[2] the campaign struck 338 Bosnian Serb targets, many of which were destroyed. Overall, 1,026 bombs were dropped during the operation, 708 of which were precision guided.

    1999
    The NATO bombing marked the second major combat operation in its history, following the 1995 NATO bombing campaign in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The 1999 bombings led to the withdrawal of Yugoslav forces from Kosovo, the establishment ofUNMIK, a U.N. mission in Kosovo and put an end to the Yugoslav Wars of the 1990s.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NATO_bombing_of_Yugoslavia

    AntwortenLöschen
  4. On May 7, 1999, during the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia (Operation Allied Force), five US JDAMguided bombs hit the People's Republic of China embassy in the Belgrade district of New Belgrade, killing three Chinese reporters a
    -nd outraging the Chinese public. According to the USA, the intention had been to bomb the nearby Yugoslav Federal Directorate for Supply and Procurement. PresidentBill Clinton later apologized for the bombing, stating it was accidental.[1] Central Intelligence Agencydirector George Tenet testified before a congressional committee that the bombing was the only one in the campaign organized and directed by his agency,[2] and that the CIA had identified the wrong coordinates for a Yugoslav military target on the same street.[3] The Chinese government issued a statement on the day of the bombing that it was a "barbarian act".

    source:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U.S._bombing_of_the_Chinese_embassy_in_Belgrade

    2001
    The so-called Slovenian Summit was the first meeting between the U.S. President George W. Bush and theRussian President Vladimir Putin. It took place on June 16, 2001 on the Brdo pri Kranju estate in northernSlovenia. It was hosted by the then Prime Minister of Slovenia Janez Drnovšek and by the President of SloveniaMilan Kučan.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slovenia_Summit_2001

    2004
    Slovenia Govenment became member of EU and NATO.

    Seven new members join NATO
    On 29 March, Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia formally became members of NATO by depositing their instruments of accession with the United States Government.

    2008
    http://research-srebrenica-genocide.blogspot.com/2008/08/slovenian-franc-kos-srebrenica-genocide.html

    Monday, September 1, 2008
    SLOVENIAN "FRANC KOS" LINKED TO SREBRENICA GENOCIDE KILLINGS

    A Slovenian living in Bosnia under a false identity is suspected of having taken part in the 1995 Srebrenica genocide, local media reported.

    The Prosecutor's Office in Sarajevo demanded an investigation into 10 people suspected of participating in the massacre in which between 8,000 and 10,000 Bosniak boys and men were executed in July 1995.

    The Slovenian is named as Franc Kos and is said to have been mentioned in the minutes taken during testimonies by a number of witnesses before the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, ICTY.

    In the minutes Kos is described as the leader of the Bijeljina platoon, and was known under the nicknames Slovenac or Zuca. The witnesses blamed the platoon for the murder of hundreds, even thousands of Srebrenica Muslims.

    Police and prosecutors in the Slovenian town of Celje have confirmed that they investigated Kos’s involvement in the massacre. He is currently living in Republika Srpska, the Serb entity within the Bosnian Federation, under a false identity which has not been revealed.

    Bosnia, on Friday, June 15, 2012. Bosnian court on Friday convicted the four former elite soldiers of crimes against humanity for their part in the 1995 Srebrenica massacre and handed down sentences of up to 43-years. Bosnian Serb Stanko Kojic was sentenced to 43 years in prison; Slovenian Franc Kos and Bosnian Serb Zoran Goronja both got 40 years; and Vlastimir Golijan received a 19-year prison sentence.(AP Photo/Bosnian war crimes court) — AP
    source:
    http://www.utsandiego.com/news/2012/Jun/15/4-bosnian-serbs-sentenced-for-srebrenica-killings/

    AntwortenLöschen